(This is a mirror site of my webpage karenjcarlisle.com)

Friday, September 30, 2016

Photo Friday September Tea Party Round up

original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/30/photo-friday-september-tea-party-round-up/

I like tea. It's relaxing, refreshing and, fortunately, it soothes my migraines (along with dark chocolate. Hallelujah!) Of course one needs something to drink one's tea from. Several somethings in fact. A tea cup can set the mood, make the day special.
This month I tweeted a cup from my collection daily. Here are some of my favourites:
 1-tea-deathstar_copyright-2016karencarlisle 9-londonmug_copyright2016karencarlisle 11-teapot-lighthouse_copyright2016karencarlisle 15-purpledotsalone_copyright2016karencarlisle 16-oldfashioned_copyright2016karencarisle 19-yes-i-like-dr-who_copyright2016karencarlisle
 28-reflections_fave_cup_photo_copyright2016karencarlisle 27-sca-camping_photo_copyright2016karencarlisle 23-moustache-cup_photo_copyright2016karencarlisle 17-t2-birthday-present-to-self_copyright2016karencarlisle
You can find all of the photos (this year and last year) on my Pinterest Page.
There's only one question remaining:
Assam or China?

Photo:©2016 Karen J Carlisle. All Rights Reserved.
If you wish to use any of my images, please contact me.
Video © Professor Elemental

Sunday, September 25, 2016


original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/25/madness/

This is third in a blog post series sharing some of my research for Eye of the Beholder & Other Tales:
Since the middle ages, Bedlam has been synonymous with disorder and mayhem, striking fear into citizens. Bedlam, and therefore madness, was a thing to fear. To be sent to Bedlam was to be forgotten. You could likely die (5) and be buried there (3).
The original Bethlehem Royal Hospital opened in 1247 and was a house for the poor and centre for collection of alms (3). The first recorded insane patients (named 'lunatics') were in 1403 (2). The term Bedlam was first used during the fourteenth century- a corruption of Bethlem, or Bethlehem.
In 1598, visiting Governors observed 'the hospital was "filthely kept", and a later inspection found inmates actually starving.' (2). By 1600, Bedlam was co-owned by the Crown and the City of London Crown. During the sixteenth and seventh centuries conditions remained filthy and appalling, not helped by the fact it was built over a sewer, which often leaked into the buildings (2). 
The word Bedlam was already in common use by the mid-1600s, used to describe 'state of madness and choas'. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines bedlam as 'a place, scene, or state of uproar and confusion.
In 1675, the hospital was moved to Moorfields and then to St George's-fields in 1814. A new wing was added from 1838 (9).
During this time, money was raised by charging unrestricted access of public visitors to view the inmates - at the cost of a penny. (2). Violent inmates were put on display (4, p2). Viewing became a popular pastime, with 'swarms of people' parading through Bedlam in 18th century. After 1770, visitors were required to have a ticket signed by a governor of the hospital (2).
Reasons for admission to a nineteenth century asylum were varied. The following meme (based on an admissions document from the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane,1864-1889 (10, 11, 12).) says it all. Of course, it didn't help that those with epilepsy, learning difficulties and dementia were classed in the same group as people suffering from paranoia, schizophrenia and depression. (2, 14).inasnejgjgjgjjgjhg_465_679_int
The 1823 book, Sketches in Bedlam, not only listed the process for admission to the asylum, but exclusions for admission, length of stay and details of conditions - provided their complete recovery could 'be effected within twelve months from the time of their admission upon payment, if the patient is sent by relatives or friends and if such patient is a parish pauper or has received alms or support from any public body or community' (14). Payments of which were not 'returnable unless the patient dies or is discharged within one month after admission nor in any case where deception has been practiced upon the hospital by a false statement'. (14). 
From November 22, 1841,  patients were admitted by petition to the Governors from a near relation or friend (14). If a relative could secure the signature of a physical surgeon or an apothecary, asylum admission could be secured.
Those excluded from admission to Bedlam included:
  • lunatics who are possessed of property sufficient for their decent support in a private asylum and also those whose near relations are capable of affording such support
  • Those who have been insane for more than twelve months
  • Those who have been discharged uncured from any other hospital for the reception of lunatics
  • Female lunatics who are with child or who have before been discharged from this hospital in consequence of their pregnancy having been discovered
  • Lunatics in a state of idiotcy afflicted with palsy or with epileptic or convulsive fits
  • Lunatics having the venereal disease or the itch
  • Those who are so weakened by age or by disease as to require the attendance of a nurse or to threaten the speedy dissolution of life or who are so lame as to require the assistance of a crutch
    (list from Sketches in Bedlam)
Various cures included:
  • purging and bloodletting, (9, 4)
  • shock treatment including dousing in hot or ice-cold water (4)
  • blistering, threats, physical restraints, such as chains, manacles (6) and straightjackets. (4)
  • drugs could be administered to hysterical patients to exhaust them (4)
  • Moral treatment (late 1700s)
  • electrical shocks (later 19th century)
Moral treatment was a form of moral instruction, introduced by William Tuke. It was believed that immorality and vice caused madness (2) (It should be noted syphilis was common and led to insanity), therefore the chances of recovery were increased if the patient was treated like a child rather than an animal (6). Patients were expected to clean, garden, take tea, dine, make polite conversation and consider the consequences of their actions.
In 1815-16, a parliamentary inquiry, with testimonies by Edward Wakefield, eventually lead to reforms. By (mid - late) 19th century, Bedlam was changing.
The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 concerned the able-bodied poor but did not clearly establish the non-able bodied or offer any alternative to caring for the sick in their own homes. (4). In 1866, The Association for Improvement of the Infirmaries of London Workhouses was set up. Florence Nigthingale proposed a bill for  including 'that the sick, insane, incurable and children should be dealt with in appropriate and separate institutions.' From 1867, the Metropolitan Asylums Board played an increasing role in caring for the health of London's poor (6).
The emphasis of care of patients shifted from control, with physical restraints, to moral management using a punishment/reward system. Bedlam became more humane under William Hood, Chief Medical Superintendent in 1853 (6). 
Pictures in the Illustrated London News (1860) showed Bedlam changed from the dark, dreaded place of the 1500s to that of an open, airy residence with communal areas, birds, potted plants and light (15).
womans-ward-1860-illustrated-london-news-24-march-1860 mens-ward-in-1860-illustrated-london-news-24th-march-1860["Womens Ward in 1860" (Illustrated London News, 24th March 1860)]
["Mens Ward in 1860" (Illustrated London News 24th March 1860)]
Society's changing attitude toward Bedlam was summed up by Sir James Coxe who addressed the 1877 Select Committee on the Operations of the Lunacy Laws:
"I think it is a very hard case for a man to be locked up in an asylum and kept there; you may call it anything you like, but it is a prison." (6).
By 1890, the sexes were no longer segregated (8) and, finally, the status of 'lunatics' was changed, by parliamentary legislation, from prisoners to patients. (6).
  1. A Drunkard is Madde for the Present, but a Madde Man is Dunke Alwayes https://animalmadness.com/2011/05/30/a-drunkard-is-madde-for-the-present-but-a-madde-man-is-drunke-alwayes/
  2. A History of Bedlam, The World's Most Notorious Asylum: Dance's Historical Miscellany:  http://www.danceshistoricalmiscellany.com/history-bedlam-worlds-notorious-asylum/
  3. Bodies found in Old Bedlam Hospital
  4. The History of Mental Illness: from Skull Drills to Happy Pills. http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/283/the-history-of-mental-illness-from-skull-drills-to-happy-pills
  5. 13. Mental Institutions: Science Museum Brought to Life.
  6. The Metropolital Asylums Board http://www.workhouses.org.uk/MAB/
  7. Moral Treatment. Science Museum Brought to Life. http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/techniques/moraltreatment
  8. Under the Dome: Bethlam Blog https://bethlemheritage.wordpress.com/2011/10/11/under-the-dome-notes-on-the-chapel/
  9. Victorian London - Health and Hygiene - Hospitals - Bethlehem Hospital
  10. 50 Ways to Commit Your Lover http://www.snopes.com/reasons-admission-insane-asylum-1800s/
  11. 125 reasons you’ll get sent to the lunatic asylum http://www.appalachianhistory.net/2008/12/125-reasons-youll-get-sent-to-lunatic.html
  12. List of Reasons for Admission to an Insane Asylum. http://dangerousminds.net/comments/list_of_reasons_for_admission_to_an_insane_asylum
13. Mania, dementia and melancholia in the 1870s: admissions to a Cornwall asylum. J R Soc Med. 2003 Jul; 96(7): 361–363. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC539549
14. Constant Observer. Sketches in Bedlam; or Characteristic traits of insanity, as displayed in the cases of one hundred and forty patients of both sexes, now, or recently, confined in New Bethlem.  London, Sherwood, Jones. 1823 https://archive.org/details/39002086347292.med.yale.edu
15. Jack The Ripper Forums - Ripperology For The 21st Century > Victoriana > Asylums/ Bedlam: Bethlehem Royal Hospital http://www.jtrforums.com/showthread.php?t=7317&page=3

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Den of Antiquity is Coming.

original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/24/den-of-antiquity-is-coming/

Welcome to a bonus post. I'm excited to announce a new anthology is on the way. This is the second produced by Scribblers' Den - a steampunk writing group that lurks on Steampunk Empire. Our first anthology of flash fiction and shorts, Denizens of Steam, is available free on smashwords. Check it out here.
The theme of our second anthology is 'In the Den'.

When on thinks of a den, one tends to think of comfort. A cozy room in the house - a quiet comfortable place, a room for conversation, reading or writing. One doesn't tend to think of high adventure, dragons, vampires, airships or paranormal creatures. And yet, that's just what you'll find in these pages. Stories of adventure and mystery! Paranormal, dark, and atmospheric tales! The fantastical and the imaginative, the dysopian and post-apocalyptic and everything in between!

So Settle in to the coziest room in your house, plopo down into your favourite armchair, and dive into the Den of Antiquity.

Featuring stories by Jack Tyler, E.C. Jarvis, Kate PHilbrick, Neale Green, Byrce Raffle, N.O.A. Rawle, David Lee Summers, WIlliam J. Jackson, Steve Moore, Karen J. Carlisle, and Alice E. Keyes.


Friday, September 23, 2016

Photo Friday: Steampunk Festival and Book Launches

original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/23/photo-friday-steampunk-festival-and-book-launches/

Pre-book Launch and Talk:

On 11th September I did a talk on Steampunk and Self-publishing in Australia for Adelaide's  Aus Sci Fi & Fantasy group. As a bonus, they got a preview of my new book, Eye of the Beholder & Other Tales, and the book trailer (you can view it on my post, Making a Book Trailer, or now on my YouTube channel). Thanks to Aus Sci Fi for asking me to attend.
talk-writers-2There was a steampunk costume competition. Veronica Gaunt won with her steampunk seamstress, complete with a sewing machine gun.
 vanessa-winner_photo_copyright2016karencarlisle costume-sewingmachine-gun_venessa_photo_copyright2016_karencarlisle

Official Book Launch at Steampunk Festival:

I spent my birthday immersed in steampunk - art, costumes, music and splendorous company. Saturday was the official book launch of Eye of the Beholder & Other Tales. Thank you to the National Railways Museum for hosting the event.
Fortunately, my laryngitis and bronchitis cleared up enough for me to read an excerpt for those who attended. Thanks to my Dearheart for filming the event and helping me over the weekend, and to Helena Young who attended the book launch in her Cleopatra costume in which she cameo-ed in the book trailer.
1-_photo2016dcarlisle  table fb-robert-ralston-pic-book-launch-eob-160917
Our view of Steampunk Alley:
Everyone who bought a book went into a raffle for a Men in Grey mug. Congrats to the winner, Ben.
imageEye of the Beholder & Other Tales is the second book in the Viola Stewart adventures.
Paperback available from AmazonBarnes & Noble and Book Depository.
The ebooks - Three More Shorts and Eye of the Beholder - are available via Amazon and Smashwords
For those who live in Adelaide, I will be selling copies at the Halloween Con (October) and at Adelaide Supanova (November). You can find more information on both events HERE.
Copies are also available from my eBay store or you can contact me if you live in Australia.
There were some fantastic costumes and photographic opportunities at the Steampunk Festival. Here are just a few:
ben_copyright2016karencarlisle davematt_copyright2016karencarlisle   helenaetal_copyright2016karencarlisle img_4395_copyright2016karencarlisle ironman2_copyright2016karencarlisle mariyevanterry2_copyright2016karencarlisle  joan2_copyright2016karencarlisle book_copyright2016karencarlisle
mattgl_copyright2016karencarlisle empireband_copyright2016karencarlisle
Thanks to everyone who stopped by for a chat. 
Video wrap up of the weekend:

Photo:©2016 Karen J Carlisle/ ©2016 D Carlisle/ © Robert Ralston (book launch reading).
All Rights Reserved.
If you wish to use any of my images, please contact me.

Monday, September 19, 2016


original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/19/curses/

Sunday's post: (Apologies for the scheduling screw up.)
The Victorians had a fascination for the unexplained. The threat of the mummy's curse winds through Viola Stewart's latest adventure, Eye of the Beholder. These days, the mummy's curse conjures up visions of reanimated mummies thanks to books and film. But what were the Ancient Egyptian curses really for and did they exist?
helena-copyright2015karencarisleDeaths surrounding the discovery of King Tut made the mummy's curse popular. In February, 1923, Howard Carter entered King Tut's tomb. Within weeks, he had been bitten by a mosquito and died, from the resulting infection, soon after.
However, the legends had circulated for centuries, as early as the 7th century AD, when Arabs arrived in Egypt (5). Curses were even used, as a tool to protect tombs from robbers, in some earlier mastaba (non-pyramid tombs) (3). The first book about an Egyptian curse was published in 1699 (7).
Jane Loudon wrote about the mummy, Cheops, in her 1827 novel, The Mummy!: Or a Tale of the Twenty Second Century, which is read by Viola in Eye of the Beholder.
But finding a curse in a tomb isn't as common as you think. There was no actual curse found in King Tut's tomb, however 'curses' have been found in other (usually Old Kingdom) tombs. Curses were used as protection for sacred items or possessions, usually describing the fate of those who chose to ignore the warning.
Some examples include:
  • 'All people who enter this tomb, make evil against this tomb and destroy it may the crocodile be against them in water and snakes against them on land. May the hippopotamus be against them on water and the scorpion against them on land.’ (Khom Abuo-Billou)
  • "lose their earthly positions and honors, be incinerated in a furnace in execration rites, capsize and drown at sea, have no successors, receive no tomb or funerary offerings of their own, and their bodies would decay because they will stave without sustenance and their bones will perish".  (Amenhotep, Son  of Hapu).
  • "any ruler who... shall do evil or wickedness to this coffin... may Hemen not accept any goods he offers, and may his heir not inherit". (Tomb of Ankhtifi)
  • 'As for every mayor, every wab-priest, every scribe and every nobleman who shall take [the offering] from the statue, his arm shall be cut off like that of this bull, his neck shall be twisted off like that of a bird, his office shall not exist, the position of his son shall not exist, his house shall not exist in Nubia, his tomb shall not exist in the necropolis, his god shall not accept his white bread, his flesh shall belong to the fire, his children shall belong to the fire, his corpse shall not be to the ground, I shall be against him as a crocodile on the water, as a serpent on earth, and as an enemy in the necropolis.' (Sarenput I)
Many were simple:
  • He will be miserable and persecuted.’ (Tomb of Pennout)
  • His lifetime shall not exist on earth.' (Tomb of Senmut)
For those who believed, curses had a power - whether of self-prophesy and persuasion, co-incidence or hematite powder (8) small enough to breath in and kill.
You decide.


  1. Curse of King Tutankhamun's Tomb: http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/tutcurse.html
  2. The Curse of King Tut: Facts & Fable: http://www.livescience.com/44297-king-tut-curse.html
  3. Curse of the Mummy: http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/curse-of-the-mummy/
  4. The Curse of the Mummy: http://kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/curse/
  5. The Curse of the Mummies: http://www.gizapyramid.com/articles/mummies-curse.htm
  6. Curse of the Pharoah: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curse_of_the_pharaohs
  7. Tomb Curses of Ancient Egypt: http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/tomb-curses-ancient-egypt-magical-incantations-dead-003228
  8. 8 Tomb Raider-Style Traps That Totally Exist in Real Life: https://www.buzzfeed.com/tombraider/8-tomb-raider-style-traps-that-totally-exist-in-real-life?utm_term=.fmjXWApmR#.frbd9rloN
  9. 10 Creepiest Ancient Egyptian Curses: http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/10-creepiest-ancient-egyptian-curses/

Friday, September 16, 2016

Photo Friday: Making a Book Trailer.

original blog: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/16/photo-friday-making-a-book-trailer/

The book trailer for Eye of the Beholder & Other Tales is out!
You can view it on my youTube channel or on this website and post. I have fun making my book trailers - storyboarding, designing, sourcing or creating the costumes and props, finding actors to take part and (finally) filming and editing and sound.
Here is a pictorial rundown of the latest trailer.
Creating the costumes:
Making a mummy: Tea dyeing opshop cotton sheets, tearing into strips and sewing onto skivvy.
 DSC_0888_20160615173552835 _20160615_181400_20160615181546849
4-sewing_copyright2016karencarlisle mummy-complete_copyright2016karencarlisle
Creating the images:
Several photograph shoots of various items around the house...
BookTrailheiroglyph_jackal_copyright_2016KarenCarlisle bedlam-key
Making  a trolley for filming:
Putting it together:
Sometimes things change from the original plan...
The final book trailer:

Photo:©2016 Karen J Carlisle. All Rights Reserved.
If you wish to use any of my images, please contact me.

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Author Interview at Aeronautics Anonymous

original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/14/author-interview-at-aeronautics-anonymous/

Thanks to C William Perkins for interviewing me. You can find it on this webpage:  Aeronautics Anonymous - Punk Interviews.
C W is a steampunk author who promotes other indie writers. Feel free to leave a comment and check out the other interviews.

Sunday, September 11, 2016


original post: http://karenjcarlisle.com/2016/09/11/mummies/

The Legend of The Unlucky Mummy

During my research on Egyptian mummies and curses  for my novella, Eye of the Beholder, I came across an interesting legend residing in the British Museum- that of the Unlucky Mummy. 
In 1889, a new exhibit was acquired by the British Museum - at the very time Professor Fosse was setting up his new Egyptian exhibit in Eye of the Beholder. The Unlucky 'Mummy' is actually a wooden 'mummy board' or inner coffin lid - museum serial # EA22542 - of an unidentified female of high rank (often identified as a priestess of Amen-Ra).  The mummy board is 162 cm long, made of plaster and wood. It has been displayed in the First Egyptian Room from 1890, only removed four times: to storage during World War I and World War II, and for a short term exhibition in Australia in 1990 and exhibited in Taiwan in 2007.
There are many, sometimes contradictory, stories surrounding the Unlucky Mummy. Most commonly it is said to have been excavated in Thebes (now Luxor) in the 1880s. The mummy case was shown to a group of four men - some stories quote three (3), including Thomas Douglas Murray and Arthur Wheeler,  in 1889 (or thereabouts). The men reportedly drew straws to decide who to purchase it. Murray won (or lost, depending on how you view curses) and had it packed and send ahead to London. 
I've found at least two different  versions on what happened next both ending in fatalities and horrible misfortunes:
  1. A few days later, while duck hunting (though quail hunting was also reported), a shotgun exploded injuring Murray's arm (some sources say it was Wheeler who shot off his arm (5)). The journey to Cairo was slowed by ill winds, resulting in amputation of the arm due to gangrene.
  2. Another of the men died on the trip to Cairo.
  3. Arthur Wheeler lost his fortune, due to bank collapse by the time they arrived in Cairo. (4)
  4. two of the servants who handled the mummy case died within twelve months.
  5. three other servants 'suffered a swifter fate'. (3)
Once back in London, Murray reported an ominous, chilling feeling around the mummy case. The mummy case's beautiful face now 'seemed malevolent'.
From here the mummy case leaves Murray's possession - either:
  • it was borrowed by a journalist  who suffered a string of misfortunes - her mother died, her dog went mad, her marriage called off and she fell ill. Murray felt such relief on its passing that he gave the mummy board to Arthur Wheeler who supposedly died, heartbroken, leaving the mummy case to his sister who then befell bad luck.  (3)
  • it was purchased by Wheeler in Egypt and later passed onto his sister who then befell bad luck.
Either way, the trail picks up with famous spiritualist Madame Helena Blavatsky visiting the mummy case and reported 'an evil influence of incredible intensity'. (1) While in the Wheeler's custody, the mummy case reportedly continued to bring bad luck to the family, including illness, accidents and early death. Photographs taken of the mummy board supposedly showed a living malevolent-looking Egyptian woman's face. The photographer apparently died a few weeks later. Another photographer supposedly shot himself. Even the photo was purported to be imbued with misfortune (3).
In June, 1889 the mummy board was donated to the British Museum, by Mrs Warwick Hunt, on behalf of the  Wheeler family. (2) But that isn't the end of the tragedies attributed to the Unlucky Mummy. An Egyptologist who planned to study it, had it sent to his house, and died soon after, having been unable to sleep the entire time it was under his roof.
Murray asked the museum if he could hold a séance in the Egyptian Room with colleague, the journalist WT Stead. The offer was declined. (1). It must be noted that Murray and his journalist friend Stead, were spiritualists and told many stories about the unlucky mummy. Stead would feature again, years later, in the Unlucky Mummy legend.
Even when residing in the British Museum, the Unlucky Mummy caused havoc with reported ghostly sightings and hammering and crying from inside the mummy case (1) until it was moved into an individual display case.
Despite the mummy case rarely leaving the British Museum, stories of its curse continued to circulate and were found in the tabloid press. In 1904, it was linked to the death of writer, Bertram Fletcher Robinson, who researched the mummy case while working for the Daily Express. He died three years later, at the age of thirty-six (10).
There are stories the mummy case was sold to an American collector in 1912 and transported via the Titanic where Murray's friend, ends his part in the story. According to a survivor, Stead told the Unlucky Mummy's story only hours before sinking with the Titanic (4).
This alternate account doesn't end with the mummy at the bottom of the ocean. Another story claims a crewman was bribed to put the mummy case on a lifeboat. One of the final pieces of this long tale blames the mummy case for the sinking of an ocean liner, RMS Empress, on the Lawrence River in 1914, where the unlucky mummy finally went down with the ship...(1 and 3).
(Note: Records show the artefact did not leave the British Museum at the time. It was in storage during World War I.)
In 1934 Wallis Budge (Keeper of Antiquities at the British Museum until 1924) officially stated:
"... no mummy which ever did things of this kind was ever in the British Museum. .... The cover never went on the Titanic. It never went to America." (1,3) and blamed 'Douglas Murray and WT Stead, both in their time notable figures in the physic circles' (1, 11) for the ongoing stories surrounding Exhibit #EA22542.
mummy-complete_copyright2016karencarlisleInterestingly, both Murray and Stead died in 1912.  Murray bequeathed a scholarship to The UCL Institute. The scholarship is awarded to an undergraduate or postgraduate travel to Egypt to carry out research. (6)
Like most mummy legends, that of the Unlucky Mummy was played out in the media of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, accumulating stories of woe and misery (some contradictory) suitable to be told around a flickering campfire or by the faltering light of a dying mobile phone.
  1. British Museum and the Unlucky Mummy:
  2.  The British Museum Collection Online:  http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=117233&partId=1
  3. The British Museum's Unlucky Mummy. https://darkestlondon.com/2012/02/20/the-british-museums-cursed-mummy/
  4. Exhumed tombs and legendary tales of doom
  5. The Mummy’s Curse: The Truth Behind an Edwardian Rumour  (blog) https://blogs.ucl.ac.k/events/2012/05/29/the-mummys-curse-the-truth-behind-an-edwardian-rumour/
  6. UCL Douglas Murray Scholarship in Egyptology
  7. Unlucky Mummy Project Guttenberg:
  8. Unlucky Mummy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unlucky_Mummy
  9. Unwrapping the Mummy's Curse: https://newhumanist.org.uk/articles/2867/unwrapping-the-mummys-curse
  10. The Atlanta Constitution, June 19th, 1904. Priestess Dead Centuries Ago, Still Potent to Slay and Afflict.
Photo:©2016 Karen J Carlisle. All Rights Reserved.
If you wish to use any of my images, please contact me.